Taking Back America By Taking Back Our Schools
Posted on03 August 2013.
(Editor: www.thereportcard.org In recent years the National Assessment of Educational Progress has demonstrated through tests that 12th graders have an appalling ignorance of American History. The Department of Education administers these tests, and now the USDE has announced that the tests will be suspended. The philosophy of the USDE seems to be that if you don’t want to hear bad news about American education, don’t listen).
Posted by Mark Bauerlein
One of the best tools for gauging the historical knowledge and civic awareness of young Americans is the exam administered to 12th Graders by the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) in U.S. history and civics. Every few years, students across the country take these low-stakes tests and provide data on how many of them know about the Korean War, the 14th Amendment, the term “melting pot,” and important Supreme Court cases. You can see sample history questions hereand civics questions here.
Every time the exams are given, disappointing results show up, for instance, in 2010, only 12 percent of 12th graders reaching “proficiency” on the U.S. history exam. Only 24 percent of them scored “proficient” in civics. Those numbers have served as crucial pieces of evidence for those of us worried about the story and concepts of the American Founding diminishing in the high school curriculum.
The results won’t do so any more. The board that oversees the NAEP exams has voted to suspend indefinitely the 12th grade assessments in U.S. history and civics, as well as geography. (See news story here. The reason is sequestration, which cut nearly $7 million from NAEP’s budget.
No more will we receive evidence that, for instance, only 43 percent of high school seniors know that census data determine how many seats in the House of Representatives each state has (56 percent thought that it determines number of senators each state has, how many people are to be drafted into the military, or how much federal income tax citizens in different states must pay).
This is a loss for educational conservatives who need all the information they can get on outcomes. A root principle of conservatism is that the past is a guide to the present, specifically, that respecting the traditions and norms and institutions of the past saves us from mistakes in the present. Progressivism, on the other hand, tends to regard the past as something to escape. Another principle of American conservatism is that the Founding bequeathed to American citizens a civic structure (local control, checks and balances, etc.) that must be maintained against the inevitable temptations of power (the Imperial Presidency, unelected regulators, etc.). Progressives believe that those 225-year-old conditions are worn-out hindrances. When evidence of the decline of historical and civic mindfulness goes away, conservatives lose an essential weapon in the debate.